Every country must have international relations with other countries. Because it will be difficult for a country to achieve certain goals independently.
Indeed, as one of the independent countries, Indonesia also has the right to establish international relations with other countries in the world as a form of Indonesia’s participation in world relations.
This international relationship is carried out to obtain benefits between the two countries who work together in the context of meeting the needs of their people.
The form of international relations covers various fields, for example, progress in the fields of economy, politics, security, education, and so on.
Bilateral relations and multilateral relations are the types of international relations as we know them.
The following is an example of international relations carried out between Indonesia, cited from the Guruppkn page, and the world of education.
Example of Indonesia’s Bilateral Relations
Indonesia and the United States
Diplomatic relations between Indonesia and the United States began with the opening of embassies in 1945, and the establishment of diplomatic missions in each other’s capitals.
Bilateral relations occur in various fields, such as politics, defense and security, trade, investment, tourism, development, and interfaith dialogue.
Indonesia and Saudi Arabia
Indonesia is a country with the largest Muslim population in the world. This makes Indonesia must have good bilateral relations with Saudi Arabia. The cooperation between Indonesia and Saudi Arabia is mainly related to the Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages. There are also many student exchanges between the two countries.
Indonesian and English
Britain is one of the monarchies on the European continent. Bilateral cooperation relations between Indonesia and the UK are mostly in the fields of education and the economy.
There are many student exchanges between the two nations in the realm of education. The United Kingdom and Indonesia both have significant export and import activities. In addition, the United Kingdom invested in Indonesia.
Indonesian and Japanese
Indonesia-Japan relations are based on the peace agreement between the republics of Indonesia and Japan in 1958.
There was a strategic partnership agreement in 2006 and an Indonesia-Japan economic partnership agreement in 2007. Japan has invested a lot, especially in MSME entrepreneurs in Indonesia, and has provided a lot of assistance in the education sector.
Indonesia and China
Bilateral relations between Indonesia and China have existed for a long time. There is also a theory that the ancestors of the Indonesian people came from China.
This has led to close relations between the two countries. Cooperation between Indonesia and China is mostly in the economic sector, especially in the trade sector.
These two countries export and import each other’s commodities. The two countries also exempt each other from visiting visas for their respective residents.
Example of Indonesia’s Multilateral Relations
United Nations (UN)
Indonesia became an official member of the United Nations on 28 September 1950 as the 60th member. Indonesia is heavily involved in UN activities, one of which is forming a Garuda Contingent to help establish peace.
At least eight times Indonesia has sent a Garuda contingent. The first time was in 1957 to maintain peace in the country of Egypt.
Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
The OIC is an international organization that is mostly engaged in cooperation with countries with the largest Muslim population in the world.
The background of the founding of this organization is the burning of the Muslim holy place, namely the Al-Aqsa mosque on August 21, 1969, by Jewish and Christian fanatics in Jerusalem, Palestine.
Indonesia as the country with the largest Muslim population in the world participated in the establishment of this organization along with 56 other countries.
Asia Pacific Economic Community (APEC)
Indonesia’s role in APEC is quite vital. Indonesia as one of the independent countries in the world must of course also build the country’s economy so that the welfare of the Indonesian people increases.
At least Indonesia has served as chairman of APEC twice as well as a host of the APEC Summit. One of the indicators of a country’s progress is the progress of development in the country’s economic sector.
Indonesia was hit by an economic crisis in 1997 and again in 2007, which was caused by developed countries’ economic crises which had an impact on developing countries. In 2008, the United States took the initiative to hold a Summit for 20 countries affected by this crisis.
The 20 countries besides the US are Indonesia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK, Argentina, Mexico, Russia, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, China, Turkey, Australia, Brazil, India, and South Africa.
Indonesia as one of the developing countries in this forum has a role in defending the interests of developing countries in the world.