What Is Comparative Politics? With Pictures comparative politics

This projects uses foreign policy analysis to examine South Korea’s main diaspora engagment policy, the Overseas Koreans Act. Students will develop analytical and research skills with reference to comparative politics. Students will have gained knowledge of the workings of at least two contemporary political systems. Policy FIle offers access to U.S. foreign and domestic policy papers and gray literature, with abstracts and links to timely reports, papers, and documents from think tanks, non-governmental organizations , research institutes, advocacy groups, agencies, and other entities.

The democratization of Eastern European and Latin American countries has been largely supported by regional organizations (e.g., as the EU or Mercosur [Mercado Común del Sur]). One of the conditions for participating in these organizations and for enjoying their economic benefits is that democratic principles should be respected. This has not been the case in Africa because of the fragility of the African Union. Although there are still cases of conflict and instability in countries such as Venezuela, Peru, Timor-Leste , Thailand, Georgia, and Kyrgyzstan, these are isolated cases.

Democracy And Supranational Developments

Separating these distinct phenomena, analyzing them—and, more to the point, developing distinct theories of them—is the key, in her view, to gaining firmer knowledge of why countries democratize. Probably influenced by the then-dominant approaches of structural sociology and Marxism, in the past comparatists relied on systemic, broad explanations to explain political outcomes. Just think of the initial theories of political modernization, the first articles relating democracy to development or the work on party formation laid out in the 1960s.

Moreover, rational choice institutionalists conceive the formation of institutions as a quasi-contractual process marked by voluntary agreements between relatively equal and independent actors, almost as if they still found themselves in a state of nature. The elegance of the formal theory is insufficient to compensate for the weakness of the hypotheses of rational choice institutionalism concerning the driving forces of individual choice and the persistence of institutions. We have a vibrant and growing comparative politics group which brings together researchers who study comparative public opinion and elections, political development, issues of identity and political culture, political institutions and political conflict.

  • Sovereignty has been unpacked, fragmented, and segmented, thereby challenging a long normative tradition that assumed that sovereignty is an indivisible reality.
  • The rationalist approach is engaged in a formidable undertaking of simplification of comparative politics, as these scholars aim to provide their research program with a microeconomic foundation.
  • I chose LSE to have some credibility as a person passionate about political science.
  • The theory of path dependence argues that, in politics, decisions made at time t will tend to shape the decisions made at time t  1.

In these and other cases, the reform of the national constitution has been considered necessary for engineering peaceful political succession. Social scientists and philosophers have been using variations of the comparative method of study throughout history. Aristotle compared and contrasted different types of government in his work called The Politics. Alexis de Toqueville also employed comparative political study in his work Democracy in America, which examined the nuances of the United States’ government at the time of its conception, and compared it to British and French governments. Other social scientists that have made significant contributions to the field of comparative politics include Anthony Downs, Max Weber, and Giovanni Sartori.

Introduction: What Is Comparative Politics?

The conventional view in the United States is that a separation of powers is so central to democratic accountability that this separation is nearly definitional of democracy. His own research and that of other authors which he reviews address questions of accountability and representation, as well as the effects of a separation of powers on the policy process and on regime stability. Among his central findings is that presidentialism has several deleterious effects; a separation of executive from legislative powers increases the chances for policy deadlock and for the breakdown of democracy.

Information For International Students

The programme is good preparation for further research work or for a career in media, political consultancy, international organisations, public administration or the private sector. Comparisons of methods, influence and effectiveness of civil rights campaigns in the UK and the USA. See The nature and sources of the British Constitution for key concepts and terminology relevant to UK civil rights. See The judicial branch of government for key concepts and terminology relevant to the US judiciary.